J. whereas Switzerland`s participation in the European UNION`s Horizon 2020 research framework programme and its previous Framework Programme 7 (7th PCRD) has had a considerable impact on all stakeholders due to the high quality of the proposals; The seven agreements are closely linked by their entry into force at the same time and no longer apply simultaneously six months after receiving a notification of non-renewal or termination of one of them.  With the InstA, Swiss mechanisms for the adoption of EU law are considerably “Eegian”. The engine, which is at the heart of both chords, is indeed remarkably similar. Similar procedures are provided when the EU develops and adopts new legislation in the areas covered by the agreements. These include policy-making mechanisms (i.e. contributions to negotiations on EU legislation), procedures for adapting the agreement and specific procedures for legislative acts whose prior entry into force requires national legislative changes. This “Black Sunday” in the history of relations between Switzerland and the EU marked the beginning of the “bilateral path”. Following the rejection of the EEA, the Swiss government negotiated bilateral agreements with the EU as the basis for its cooperation with the EU. Switzerland participated in the negotiations of the EEA agreement with the EU and signed it on 2 May 1992 and applied for EU membership on 20 May 1992. In a Swiss referendum on 6 December 1992, membership of the EEA was rejected. Subsequently, the Swiss government suspended EU accession negotiations until further notice. By ratifying the second round of bilateral agreements, the Federal Council in 2006 lowered the characterisation of Switzerland`s full adherence to a “strategic objective” to an “option”.
Membership continued to be the government`s objective and a “long-term goal” of the Federal Council until 2016, when Switzerland`s request, which had been frozen, was withdrawn.   The request was adopted in June by the Council of States and then by the Bundesrat.    In a letter dated 27 July, the Federal Council informed the Presidency of the Council of the European Union that it was withdrawing its request.  D.